Updated December 1, 2021

Career in Engineering is one of the most diversified avenues. Aerospace Engineer, Chemical engineer, Computer engineer, Biomedical engineer, Mechanical engineer, Petroleum engineer, Electrical engineer, Civil engineer & Nuclear engineer are only a few streams out of many possibilities.

Engineering is a branch of science and technology concerned with designing, building, and using engines, machines, and structures. These elements together constitute technology which makes the life of humankind easy and convenient. Every new design and invention created by engineers contribute to the advancement of technology that helps shape the world’s future. The field of engineering is too vast, from manufacturing and production to shipping and construction, almost every field and industry needs it. Seeking a career in engineering would be perfect for one who enjoys designing and inventing new things to sort out daily’s problems. So, let’s delve into it to find a better career option that will suit your interest.

Career in Engineering

A career in engineering provides one with the opportunity for creative thinking, innovative experimentation, and intriguing design and development. As a professional in engineering, one may work in aeronautics, construction, software design, biomedicine, textiles, and various other industries. The list below highlights the best and common job profiles in the engineering field one can pursue.

  • Civil engineering technician
  • Aerospace engineering technician
  • Cartographer
  • Biomedical engineer
  • Industrial engineer
  • Environmental engineer
  • Agricultural engineer
  • Civil engineer
  • Safety engineer
  • Mechanical engineer
  • Chemical engineer
  • Aeronautical engineer
  • Hardware engineers
  • Engineering managers
  • Marine engineer
  • Software engineer
  • Nuclear engineer
  • Petroleum engineer
  • Computer engineer
  • Materials engineer

Types of Career in Engineering 

Engineering is a vast field, with various branches to get specialized in. The most lucrative and admiring careers in the engineering field are discussed below with some very handful of information. The information provided below would help the candidates understand the different job opportunities in the engineering field. And with the help of this, they can decide which engineering specialty is perfect for them to be pursued.

The best jobs opportunities available in engineering in India are discussed below, with a brief description of their primary duties.

Software Engineer

Software engineers develop, design, install, test, update, and maintain software applications that run on operating systems and computer applications. They require a deep understanding of different programming languages to write reliable and operative code. They typically work with other engineers as well as with IT professionals.

Nuclear Engineer

They research radiation, nuclear energy, and radioactive substances. Through their findings, they create procedures and methods to make use of these materials for medical or industrial services. They also develop security protocols to work using nuclear materials.

Aeronautical Engineer

The aeronautical engineer is also referred to as an aerospace engineer. They design, test, and maintain aeronautical systems for fighter jets, airlines, space shuttles, helicopters, and many other aircraft. They can manage their electrical, structural, and computer systems. Aeronautical engineers typically work in the defence, aviation, and aerospace sectors.

Chemical Engineer

Chemical engineers are usually employed by pharmaceutical, food processing, and paint manufacturing companies. Their tasks include maintaining and restoring current equipment used in chemical production to improve efficiency and create new manufacturing methods. They establish safety procedures when working with hazardous chemicals, ensure adherence to environmental regulations, and conduct periodic testing of chemicals and equipment.

Computer Engineer

Computer engineers create, design, develop, and implement hardware and software for different industries. They write codes in various programming languages, evaluate both new and old systems to check their functionality and stability, fix any flaws, install updates, and offer technical assistance and advice for users. Computer engineers typically are part of teams or in teams. They may also be specialized in particular areas, such as computer security systems and computer games, business applications, and more.

Biomedical Engineer

They are employed in the field of medical science and are in charge of designing and creating medical devices, equipment systems, and software for medical procedures and computer-aided surgery. Biomedical engineers can develop, test, calibrate and repair medical equipment such as diagnostic devices, artificial organs, engineered tissues, and replacements for limbs. They could create documentation for products, user manuals, as well as technical reports and research papers. And also provide safety education to engineers, scientists, and medical personnel.

Petroleum Engineer

Petroleum engineering is about discovering the most efficient methods to extract gas and oil from underground reserves located both offshore and onshore. Petroleum engineers develop and use drilling equipment and techniques in order to perform safe and lucrative extraction processes in oil and gas fields. They typically work with geologists when designing and carrying out drilling operations for both existing and new oil reserves.

Electrical Engineer

An electrical engineer analyzes the current electrical systems and designs new ones to improve the power generation process and electricity supply. They can design wiring, circuitry, electrical generation systems, and instruments for measuring electricity. In addition, they can develop methods to reduce the time spent on the transmission of power and increase power efficiency.

Marine Engineer

Marine engineering studies the internal components of sailboats, ships tankers, aircraft carriers, and submarines. Marine engineers design and construct the propulsion, steering, refrigeration, and electrical systems of the vessels. They might work in collaboration on their work with naval architects.

Mechanical Engineer

Mechanical engineers solve difficult mechanical issues and create innovative solutions with modern technology. They create designs for thermal and mechanical devices, design blueprints and documents, as well as build and test mechanical devices for safety and functionality. They design, develop or modify new and existing tools and machines.

Civil Engineer

Civil engineers design, construct and maintain bridges, roads, tunnels, dams, airports, buildings, and other structures in rural and urban regions. They determine the suitability of an area to develop, verify plans to make sure that the design can stand up to environmental risks, and choose the most efficient construction materials. They also create costs estimates, apply for construction permits, and make sure that the building complies with environmental rules.

Environmental Engineer

Environmental engineers’ primary focus is to develop initiatives and methods to protect the environment. Alongside decreasing the effects of pollution on air, ozone loss, and water-borne disease, they can also work to improve the management of wastewater as well as environmental remediation and soil quality. They can inspect industrial facilities digging operations, excavations and construction activities to ensure that all work is in compliance with the laws.

Materials Engineer

They analyze the mechanical, electrical, and chemical properties of composites, ceramics metals, plastics, metals, and other materials and evaluate their value for diverse applications in the field of product development. After the development and processing of their materials, the researchers test them using instruments for analysis. Then they utilize the information to suggest certain substances for the manufacturing of specific products.

Industrial Engineer

The duties of an industrial engineer could include the evaluation and improvement of production processes to lower costs, reduce wastage, and increase efficiency. They create production schedules, process flow diagrams as well as management systems that accomplish these goals. They collaborate with staff and the management of the industrial facility to improve the processes of industries.

Top Engineering Colleges in India- NIRF Ranking

List below highlights the 30+ top colleges in in India known for offering renowned engineering courses and placement. Getting admission into these colleges is like a dream for the students seeking career in engineering. Information of the top colleges provided below is based on NIRF ranking. NIRF (The National Institutional Ranking Framework) was approved by the MHRD and was launched by the Honorable Minister of Human Resource Development on 29th September 2015. The framework provides a method to assess and rank institutions across the nation.

  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Madras
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Delhi
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Bombay
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Kanpur
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), IIT Kharagpur
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Roorkee
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Guwahati
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Hyderabad
  • NIT (National Institute of Technology), Trichy
  • NIT (National Institute of Technology), Karnataka, Surathkal
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT- ISM), Dhanbad
  • Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Indore
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Varanasi
  • ICT (Institute of Chemical Technology), Mumbai
  • School of Engineering, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore
  • Jadavpur University
  • College of Engineering Guindy, Anna University
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Ropar
  • NIT (National Institute of Technology), Rourkela
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Patna –
  • NIT (National Institute of Technology), Warangal
  • BITS Pilani – Birla Institute of Technology and Science
  • IIEST (Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology), Shibpur
  • IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), Bhubaneswar
  • NIT (National Institute of Technology), Durgapur
  • Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology
  • Amity University, Noida
  • SOA – Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University
  • Jamia Millia Islamia (JMI)
  • SRMIST SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai
  • AMU – Aligarh Muslim University

Top Engineering Courses in India with High Market Value

  • Electronics and Communication Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer and Science Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Automobile Engineering
  • Aeronautical Engineering

Engineering Entrance Exams

The most common entrance exam of engineering for admission into undergraduate degree courses like Bachelor in engineering and Bachelor in Technology is JEE mains (the Joint Entrance Examination mains). Any student who wants to get admission in NITs (National Institutes of Technology), IITs (Indian Institutes of Technology), or any reputed engineering college has to qualify for JEE mains first. However, one needs to sit the JEE Advanced exam to get admission to any IITs. Apart from JEE mains and JEE advance, there are various other popular entrance exams for admission into undergraduate engineering courses, and some of the major ones are:

  • MET (The Manipal Entrance Test)
  • MHT CET (The Maharashtra Common Entrance Test)
  • BITSAT (The Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test)
  • WBJEE (The West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination)