Updated November 30, 2021

A Career in Healthcare is quite lucrative and rewarding. Jobs in health care industry not only provide you with option of earning large profit but also enables you to help people in keeping them healthy. Healthcare refers to the practice of maintaining or improving health of people through prevention, diagnosis, treatment, improvement or curing of diseases, injuries, illnesses, as well as other mental and physical deterioration in individuals. Health professionals and associated health fields provide health care. Dentist, pharmacy technician, nurses, optometrist, audiologist and physical therapist, occupational therapist, trainers for athletes, and other health-related professionals are all parts of health care industry.

A significant component of a healthy lifestyle is health care, whether from traditional health professionals like doctors or alternative providers like Acupuncturists. The need for health care professionals continues to grow with the increase in people living longer and the world’s population. Indeed, some of the fastest-growing occupations with the highest wages and low unemployment rates are in the field of health care, including physical therapists, doctors, and Licensed practical nurse.

Another factor causing employment growth in the healthcare sector is the application of advanced medical technologies to treat and diagnose patients. The new technologies will require experts to use and manage these technologies, which will create more jobs in the healthcare field.

Career in Healthcare

Jobs in the field of healthcare are highly sought-after all over the world. Whether you spend more than ten years in college or just less than a year, there is job within the health care sector. And, to start a lucrative and rewarding career, all you require is a solid education and a strong desire to help others.

The list below highlights the top career in healthcare industry based on the salary and number of jobs available.

  • Medical assistant
  • Physical Therapist
  • Occupational Therapist
  • Dental hygienist
  • Physician
  • Health administration
  • Dentist
  • Dietitian
  • Dental assistant
  • Surgical technologist
  • Sonographer
  • Biomedical Engineering technologist
  • Pharmacy technician
  • Respiratory therapist
  • Licensed practical nurse
  • Radiation therapist
  • Nurse practitioner
  • Optometrist
  • Phlebotomist
  • Radiologic Technologist
  • Genetic counsellors
  • Chiropractor
  • Podiatrists
  • Speech language pathologist

Types of careers in Healthcare

Below is different healthcare job profiles with a brief description that will help the individual understand what a healthcare professional exactly does and what type of caregiver he or she should look for a particular ailment. The information provided below can also bring a greater understanding of the vast network of health care professionals who work together to keep people healthy.

Medical Assistant

The person who accomplishes administrative tasks in the doctor’s office or hospital is a medical assistant. One can pursue medical assistant  job upon completion of courses like Certificate Course, Diploma course, Undergraduate Course, Postgraduate Course, Advanced Post Graduate Diploma, Doctorate Courses, etc. Their salary may range from two to ten lakh per annum based on the courses they had taken.

Physical Therapist

Physical therapists aid patients in recovering from injuries or illnesses, according to the advice of medical professionals. Therapists employ their hands and equipment to exercise various muscles of a patient’s body and strengthen weak areas. Physical therapists can help athletes recover for sport or assist a crash patient in regaining their walking capability. The majority of these specialists are employed in physical therapy clinics or rehabilitation centres.

In order to make a Physiotherapist a career in healthcare, you must have to obtain graduate degree in the field of physiotherapy or an equivalent course after passing 12th in science stream. To increase your career possibilities, you could study a postgraduate diploma in physiotherapy as a master’s degree. A Physiotherapist could earn an average salary of Rs5.50 lakhs annually and more than 45,000 rupees every month across India.

Occupational Therapist

An occupational therapist is a healthcare specialist who aids patients in recovering from disability and injuries by using everyday routines.

It is necessary to obtain a baccalaureate diploma of OT (BOT) to practice OT in India. Additionally, one must meet the other requirements of the applicable regulations, including getting a registration certificate from the council (if one is within the state) before beginning practice.

The salary for an Occupational Therapist in India ranging from ₹10,592 to ₹35,415 per month.


Dentists treat tooth decay or fill cavities. They also restore damaged teeth. Dentists can diagnose and treat problems that affect the gums, teeth, and other areas within the mouth. They offer guidance and advice on how to take care of gums and teeth and the diet that can affect the health of your mouth.

One can pursue dental courses after passing 12th in science stream with PCB subjects. Students usually choose courses such as Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) following 12th. BDS is a 5 years undergraduate program that is one of the recognized dental courses after 12th in India. Dentists can make the average earning of 80 to 150 thousand per month.

Dental Assistant

Dental assistants are responsible for the administrative duties in the office of dentists and perform basic patient care. For example, dental assistants may prepare a patient for a dental cleaning or keep patient records in the office.

One wants to make career in healthcare as a dental assistant, he  has to pass out 12th first, then have to obtain the diploma in dental assistant, which is a two-year course and certificate course in dental assistant a 16 to 12 months course. A dental assistant can earn a Salary of 15 to 30 thousand.

Dental Hygienist

A dental hygienist is a person who works in a dental office and cleans the patient’s teeth before and during the procedure. Dental hygienists work concurrently with dentists, ortho-dentist and other professionals in the field of dentistry.

The dental hygiene course within India is a two-year training program. Students who have completed class XII of sciences can apply to numerous universities. The universities conduct examinations based on written multiple-choice questions to ensure the selection of candidates. The average salary for a Dental Hygienist in India is ₹300000.


Physicians diagnose and treat the patients. They are often employed in hospitals; however, they can also manage their businesses. Physicians can work in various areas, such as paediatrics, family care, oncology, and intensive medical care.

To become a physician, you have to obtain the courses of a general physician in India are a 5.5 years MBBS course, followed by a two years MD course, preferably MD in General Medicine. You can get various job scopes after doing MBBS.

The salary of a physician in India or monthly income varies from Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 50 lakhs per month.

Health administrator

Health administrators are accountable for providing patients’ treatment. They design and direct services to ensure that doctors, patients, insurance providers, and medical facilities are on the same page throughout the treatment.

Health administration is the discipline of coordination and organizing of public or private organizations that aim to improve the country’s mental, physical, and social health.

To become a health administrator, one has to Obtain a bachelor’s degree in healthcare administration, business, or a clinical discipline, which is a four-year course.

Health administrators can make earnings of 20000 to 120000 per month.


Dietitians provide nutrition and food information and help people with improving their wellbeing. They also offer guidance on issues related to nutrition. Dietitians also modify diets to manage issues like food allergies and intolerances.

One can make a dietitian a career in health care by pursuing a PG Diploma in Nutrition or an M.Sc. in Food and Nutrition or clearing the Registered Dietician entrance exam and six-month internship to obtain the Registered Dietician license from the IDA.

Their earnings ranges from 30 to 180 thousand per month depending on the number of clients they deal with.

Surgical Technologist

The surgical technologists are also referred to as operating room technicians or OR techs, assist during surgery. They collaborate with surgeons and other members of the surgical team to ensure that the procedure runs smoothly. They organize equipment, set up operating rooms, and remain on standby during operations if required. They can also assist with minor care for patients, similar to the duties of an assistant to a nurse or home health assistant.

One who pursue surgical technologist is required to enrol in a college that offers a surgical technologist degree program. They may also choose to obtain accreditation from the National Council for Surgical Technologists to work in operating theatres under the direction of a medical surgeon. Surgical technologists have an average salary of surgical 330000 per annum.

Medical Sonographer

A medical sonographer, also known as ultrasound tech, is the person who is accountable for the operation of the machines for imaging at a clinic, hospital, or doctor’s office. Sonographers operate an ultrasound sonogram, echocardiogram, or other similar devices to provide doctors with precise pictures of what’s going on within the body of patients.

One who pursues job in the field of Ultrasonography is required to have basic knowledge of physics, chemistry and biology. The candidates must have a graduate degree in Sonography, radiology or medical imaging technology course from any reputed technology with an aggregate score. Salary of the sonographers ranges from ₹41,271 to ₹3,84,929 per month.

Biomedical engineering technologists

Biomedical engineering technicians maintain and repair biomedical, medical, diagnostic imaging, and electronic equipment and system. Medical personnel utilize these types of equipment to diagnose, monitor, and treat medical ailments.

To become a Biomedical Engineer, the most suitable degree programs for you are B. Tech in Bio-Medical Engineering, B.Sc Biomedical science, or B.E in biomedical engineering.

The earnings of biomedical engineering technologists range from ₹10lakhs per year to ₹46lakhs per year based on 22 profiles.

Pharmacy Technician

Pharmacist technicians provide prescription medications to people. They also offer guidance to patients and other health professionals about how to take or use medications, the proper dosage of a medicine, and possible negative effects.

To become pharmacist technician, you have to Pursue Undergraduate Education (B. Pharma) in Pharmacy and Master’s Degree (M. Pharma) in Pharmacy after 12th in science stream.

The salary of Pharmacy Technician in India ranges from ₹13,936 per month to ₹67,380 per month.

Respiratory Therapist

Respiratory therapy assists patients with breathing difficulties. Illness of the respiratory system, such as asthma or Emphysema, usually causes breathing difficulties. The respiratory therapist may interact with patients regularly or respond to situations of emergency. For example, a patient suffering from a stroke or heart attack could require the help of a respiratory therapist to recover breathing capabilities following the incident.

Students who completed graduation with a science background can become respiratory therapists by obtaining a diploma degree in Respiratory therapy/technology. There are numerous institutes in India offering a 1-year diploma program or a postgraduate degree of two years and advanced postgraduate diplomas on Respiratory Therapy.

The salary for a Respiratory Therapist may vary depending upon the profile of the candidate and the places he is working in. Their earning in India ranges from ₹20,000 per month to ₹2,44,274 per month.

Licensed Practical Nurse

The licensed practical nurses are often known as LPNs or licensed vocational nurses, or LVNs. They offer primary nursing care along with other health facilities in clinics, hospitals, and nursing homes. LPNs are usually accountable for administering medicines and blood draws, examining the vital indicators, and keeping the patient’s records for other employees. Many LPNs return to college to become registered nurses.

To become an LPN, you can choose to pursue either a one-year program in vocational training at a technical college or an associate degree that lasts two years at a university.

The salary for a Licensed Practical Nurse in India ranging from ₹19,703 per month to ₹37,000 per month.

Radiation therapists

Radiation therapists operate equipment like linear accelerators to provide targeted treatment to the location of a patient’s tumour. Radiation therapy can shrink or eradicate tumours and cancers. The therapists who treat radiation are part of oncology teams who deal with patients who have cancer.

After passing 12th in the science stream with aggregate marks of 60% in BiPC One can become Radiation Therapist by obtaining a Bachelor of Science in Radiotherapy Technology (RTT) degree.

A person working as a Radiation Therapist in India can earn around RS. 87,100 per month


Optometrists provide patients with information on the state of their vision and eye health and advise when to seek assistance to prevent early intervention. Encourage lifestyle changes to maintain good health and vision. They also provide information about visual ergonomics, recognize dangers to eyes and vision from environmental factors, and educate people on how to avoid eye problems and maintain the health of their eyes.

To become an optometrist in India, you must have a Bachelor of Optometry or Vision Science degree. The national average salary for an Optometrist is ₹25,349 per month in India.


Phlebotomists are healthcare professionals who draw blood for donation transfusions, tests and research. They must be aware of the way that blood drawing equipment works. However, they do not have to be in college to learn this. A lot of LVNs and RNs are employed as phlebotomists as they obtain their qualifications. Phlebotomists need to have excellent interpersonal abilities as they will interact with patients directly.

One who pursues a phlebotomist career in healthcare must have a diploma or certificate course in blood bank technology from any recognized institute approved by the accredited Board after passing 12th. The highest pay for a Phlebotomist within India can be Rs25,579 per month, and Rs11,477 per month can be the lowest.

Radiologic Technologist

Radiologic Technologists, often referred to as radiology techs, administer diagnostic imaging tests, including x-rays and CT scans. The results of these tests are sent to doctors and surgeons to review. Radiologic technologists work side by side with radiologists; however, they do not have the training to interpret the results of the tests they conduct.

One who wants to make a career in healthcare as Radiologic Technologists can pursue B.Sc. in Radiology, M.Sc. in Radiotherapy after completing 12 in science (Biology recommended).

A Radiologic Technologist in India can receive the highest salary of ₹2,08,396 per month and ₹16,455 per month as the lowest.

Genetic counsellor

Genetic counsellors are health care experts who work with individuals and families, communities, and others in the field of healthcare to help them understand the impact of genetic information on their and their patients’ lives.

The genetic counselling board, India, conducts an exam each year, which after passing, you can become a certified genetic counsellor.

The Genetic Counsellor in India can make an average earning of ₹4,98,832 per annum


Chiropractors assist patients with back pain and help them to realign their backbones. Chiropractic practitioners may be employed in their private clinic or may assist the patients in hospitals. The majority of chiropractic services are required when a patient is injured in some way.

To make a chiropractor a career in healthcare, a candidate could either choose a five-year integrated master’s degree or a three-year bachelor’s program after passing class 12.

Indeed it is one of the lucrative career in healthcare industry. The salary of chiropractors can range from 30 to 160 thousand per month.


A podiatrist, also known as a podiatric doctor, is a physician who specializes in the care (both surgical and medical) of the ankle, foot, and lower extremities ailments. They are also trained to address ailments, correct deformities in feet, and relieve the pain.

If you’d like to be a podiatrist in India, you must complete your 12th grade in Physics, chemistry, and biology. After that, you have to enrol in a bachelor’s program in medicine, and then you may pursue post-graduation in podiatrist medical, which is a 4-year degree.

The salary for a Podiatrist ranging from INR 500000 and 1500000 per annum. It is one the most profitable career in Healthcare industry.

Speech-language pathologists

Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) work to prevent, assess, diagnose, and treat speech, language, social communication, cognitive-communication, and swallowing disorders in children and adults.

To make Speech-language pathologists a career in healthcare, you need to pursue a bachelor degree in speech pathology, which is usually a 4-5 years course, whereas a master’s degree is 2-3 years.

A speech therapist in the early stages with 1 to 4 years of experience may receive an average pay of Rs197,420 per month. while a Mid-career speech therapist with 5-9 years of work experience can earn an average salary of Rs. 450,000per month

Sectors of the Healthcare Industry

The healthcare industry offers many services that meet the needs of communities or individuals. Healthcare facilities and hospitals are constantly altering their offerings of services and response to external and internal forces, such as reimbursement issues, developments in technology, and shifts in the population they serve. The healthcare industry categorizes the various products it provides by the sector. The most important areas of the healthcare industry can be classified broadly into four sub-segments, and these are the following.

  • Health care services and facilities
  • Medical devices, equipment, and hospital supplies manufacturers
  • Medical insurance, medical services, and managed care
  • Pharmaceuticals & Related Segments