Modern Indian History MCQs- A Must Have in Your Arsenal for Competitive Exams

Updated December 22, 2022

Modern Indian History MCQ featured on this page is result of sincere efforts put in by the team These questions are from length and breadth of Modern Indian History and they test your actual acumen which is very much required in making through the Government Jobs.

The objective questions /MCQs asked from Modern Indian History can at times intriguing and you may not find at ease solving them. So, in its endeavor to support your preparation for competitive exams, explanations have also been provided. The team hopes the collection below comes in really handy when you need it most.

1. Which of the following statements is incorrect about the Poona Pact?

[A] It was the agreement between Jawaharlal Nehru and Dr. B R. Ambedkar
[B] The depressed classes agreed to adhere to the principle of Joint Electorate
[C] Seats were to be allotted to the depressed classes in the provincial legislatures
[D] It provided for adequate representation of the depressed classes in the civil services
Correct Answer: [It was the agreement between Jawaharlal Nehru and Dr. B R. Ambedkar]

2. The Treaty of Seringapatam is associated with which of the following wars?

[A] Second Anglo-Maratha War
[B] Third Anglo-Mysore War
[C] Third Anglo-Maratha War
[D] Fourth Anglo–Mysore War
Correct Answer: [Third Anglo-Mysore War]

3. Who among the following was also known as Maratha Machiavelli?

[A] Nana Phadnavis
[B] Balaji Vishwanath
[C] Narayanrao Bajirao
[D] Sambhaji
Correct Answer: [Nana Phadnavis]

4. Which Viceroy passed the famous Indian Coinage and Paper Currency act (1899)?

[A] Lord Minto
[B] Lord Hardinge
[C] Lord Curzon
[D] Lord Dufferin
Correct Answer: [Lord Curzon]

5. Lord Ripon appointed Hunter commission for:

[A] combating terrorism and other anti-national activities
[B] educational reforms in India
[C] appointment of Indian Judges in higher judiciary
[D] None of the Above
Answer: [educational reforms in India]

6. Who was the only Viceroy of India to be murdered in office?

[A] Lord Mayo
[B] Lord Auckland
[C] Lord Lawrence
[D] Lord Northbrook
Correct Answer: [Lord Mayo]

7. Which Viceroy passed the Vernacular Press Act and the Arms Act of 1878?

[A] Lord Lytton
[B] Lord Mayo
[C] Lord Dalhousie
[D] Lord Hardinge
Correct Answer: [Lord Lytton]

8. Which of the following is also known as Magna Carta of Indian Education?

[A] Wood’s Dispatch
[B] Sadler Commission
[C] Indian Universities Act 1904
[D] Raleigh commission
Correct Answer: [Wood’s Dispatch]

9. The Battle of Buxar was fought between British East India Company and_.

[A] Mir Qasim
[B] Saadat Ali Khan II
[C] Ali Vardi Khan
[D] Siraj ud-Daulah
Correct Answer: [Mir Qasim]

10. Treaty of Salbai is associated with which of the following wars?

[A] First Anglo–Mysore War
[B] First Anglo-Maratha War
[C] Second Anglo-Maratha War
[D] Second Anglo-Mysore War
Correct Answer: [First Anglo-Maratha War]

11. Which of the following kingdoms granted the “Golden Farman” to Holland to trade freely in the state?

[A] Hyderabad
[B] Bijapur
[C] Golkunda
[D] Ahmednagar
Correct Answer: [Golkunda]

12. At which of the following places was the first ever European township constructed in India?

[A] Kochi
[B] Chinsurah
[C] Surat
[D] Chennai
Correct Answer: [Kochi]

13. Who inspired the young Bengal Movement in the 19th century?

[A] Ram Tanu Lahiri
[B] Henry Vivian Dorozev
[C] Rasik Kumar Malik
[D] Piyare Chand Mitra
Correct Answer: [Henry Vivian Dorozev]

14. Who is regarded as “Maker of Modern India”?

[A] M. G. Ranade
[B] Mahatma Gandhi
[C] Keshav Chandra Sen
[D] Ram Mohan Roy
Correct Answer: [Ram Mohan Roy]

15. Which of the following cities was capital of Maharaja Ranjit Singh?

[A] Amritsar
[B] Patiala
[C] Lahore
[D] Kapurthala
Correct Answer: [Lahore]

16. Which among the following Congress sessions was known for concession of separate electorates for the Muslims by the Congress Party?

[A] 1913 Karachi Session
[B] 1915 Bombay Session
[C] 1916 Lucknow Session
[D] 1917 Calcutta Session
Correct Answer: [1916 Lucknow Session]

17. During Freedom Struggle, Rabindranath Tagore renounced his Knighthood in protest for?

[A] Partition of Bengal
[B] Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre
[C] Execution of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev
[D] None of them
Correct Answer: [Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre]

18. Which of the following is NOT a correct statement with respect to Surendranath Banerjee?

[A] He was co-founder of Indian National Association
[B] He was founder of Ripon College in Kolkata
[C] He is known to have evolved National Consciousness as a formal concept
[D] He co-founded Sadharan Brahmo Samaj with Anandmohan Bose
Correct Answer: [He co-founded Sadharan Brahmo Samaj with Anandmohan Bose]

19. The Cartaz system with reference to naval trade was used by which of the following?

[A] Dutch
[B] French
[C] English
[D] Portuguese
Correct Answer: [Portuguese]

20. Which of the following Governor Generals was called “Liberator of India Press”?

[A] Lord William Bentinck
[B] Sir Charles Metcalfe
[C] Lord Auckland
[D] Lord Ellenborough
Correct Answer: [Sir Charles Metcalfe]

21. Mahad Satyagraha was led by:

[A] Mahatma Gandhi
[B] Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
[C] Acharya Vinoba Bhave
[D] Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Correct Answer: [Dr. B. R. Ambedkar]

22. In which year, East India Company acquired Bombay from Portuguese?

[A] 1663
[B] 1668
[C] 1670
[D] 1689
Correct Answer: [1668]

23. Who among the following has written Ghoolamgiri?

[A] Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
[B] Acharya Vinoba Bhave
[C] Jyotiba Phule
[D] Dadu Dayal
Correct Answer: [Jyotiba Phule]

24. Rabindranath Tagore got Knighthood in the year:

[A] 1910
[B] 1915
[C] 1920
[D] 1925
Correct Answer: [1915]

25. Who was the president of INC at the time of independence?

[A] Gandhi
[B] JB Kripalani
[C] Sarojini Naidu
[D] None of the above
Correct Answer: [JB Kripalani]

26. In which year Archaeological Survey of India was made a permanent body?

[A] 1902
[B] 1861
[C] 1906
[D] 1910
Correct Answer: [1906]

27. In which year, Interim Government of India (Arzi Hukumat-i-Hind) was formed by Subhash Chandra Bose?

[A] 1941
[B] 1942
[C] 1943
[D] 1945
Correct Answer: [1943]

27. Which among the following movement started with “breaking the salt law”?

[A] Non-cooperation Movement
[B] Civil Disobedience Movement
[C] Quit India Movement
[D] Home Rule Movement
Correct Answer: [Civil Disobedience Movement]

29. Who among the following was the socialist leader, who ran away from the Hazaribagh Prison and joined the Quit India Movement?

[A] Ram Manohar Lohia
[B] Minoo Masani
[C] Jayprakash Narayan
[D] Achyut Patwardhan
Correct Answer: [Jayprakash Narayan]

30. Who among the following was placed on the throne of Nawab of Bengal after the Battle of Buxar?

[A] Shiraj-ud-daula
[B] Mir Kasim
[C] Mir Jafar
[D] Najimuddin Ali Khan
Correct Answer: [Mir Jafar]

31. Who among the following established Swadesh Bandhab Samiti?

[A] Ashwini Kumar Datta
[B] Bagha Jatin
[C] Bhavabhushan Mitra
[D] Narendranath Bhattacharya
Correct Answer: [Ashwini Kumar Datta]

32. During the 1857 Mutiny, who among the following was Governor General of India?

[A] Lord Canning
[B] Lord Elgin
[C] Lord Dalhousie
[D] Lord Elleborough
Correct Answer: [Lord Canning]

33. “Swaraj ha maza janmasidha adhikar aahe ani to mi milavinach”.

The word Swaraj was first of all used by Balgangadhar Tilak. Where did Balgangadhar Tilak made the above declaration in Marathi?

[A] In Pune Jail
[B] In Yavarda Jail
[C] In Court
[D] In Mandalay Jail
Correct Answer: [In Court]

34. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev along with Jaigopal were involved in which among the following conspiracy case?

[A] kanpur Conspiracy Case
[B] Lahore Conspiracy Case
[C] Bhagalapur Conspiracy Case
[D] Alipore Bomb case
Correct Answer: [Lahore Conspiracy Case]

35. Azad Hind Fauz was formed in which among the following countries?

[A] India
[B] Singapore
[C] Japan
[D] Germany
Correct Answer: [Singapore]

36. Which among the following Sikh Gurus introduced the Gurmukhi Script?

[A] Guru Angad
[B] Guru Gobind Singh
[C] Guru Arjun Singh
[D] Guru Harrai
Correct Answer: [Guru Angad]

37. The name of Barindra Ghosh is associated with which among the following newspapers?

[A] Indian Opinion
[B] Jugantar
[C] Ghadar
[D] Maharatta
Correct Answer: [Jugantar]

38. The ‘Tebhega’ movement of 1946 is associated with which among the following current states of India?

[A] Andhra Pradesh
[B] West Bengal
[C] Bihar
[D] Odishna
Correct Answer: [West Bengal]

39. The chief base of Indian Union Muslim League (IUML) is in which among the following states of India?

[A] Tamil Nadu
[B] Kerala
[C] Uttar Pradesh
[D] Jammu & Kashmir
Correct Answer: [Kerala]

40. At which among the following places, Indian National Congress adopted the resolution of ‘Poorna Swaraj’?

[A] Calcutta
[B] Lahore
[C] Delhi
[D] Karachi
Correct Answer: [Lahore]

41. Ahsan Manzil Palace in Dhaka, is known for which among the following landmarks in Modern Indian History?

[A] Establishment of All India Muslim League
[B] Pakistan Resolution
[C] Jinnah-Gandhi Talks
[D] None of the above
Correct Answer: [Establishment of All India Muslim League]

42. The name of P Mitra (Pramathanath Mitra) is associated with the foundation of which among the following revolutionary organizations?

[A] Anushilan Samiti
[B] India House
[C] Jugantar
[D] None of the above
Correct Answer: [Anushilan Samiti]

43. Who among the following is known to have founded the “Academic Association”?

[A] Henry Vivian Derozio
[B] Madhusudan Datta
[C] Madan Mohan Tarkalankar
[D] Surendranath Tagore
Correct Answer: [Henry Vivian Derozio]

44. Who among the following is considered to be the last Independent Nawab of Bengal?

[A] Siraj ud Daula
[B] Mir Kasim
[C] Mir Jafar
[D] Shujaud daula
Correct Answer: [Siraj ud Daula]

45. Which among the following was the first state in India in the pre-independence times, when the compulsory primary education was launched for the first time?

[A] Baroda
[B] Arcot
[C] Coorg
[D] Hyderabad
Correct Answer: [Baroda]

46. The 1896 session of Indian National Congress is best known for which among the following?

[A] India’s national song was sung for the first time
[B] India’s national anthem was sung for the first time
[C] India’s tricolor flag was hoisted for the first time
[D] None of the above
Correct Answer: [India’s national song was sung for the first time]

47. Which among the following was the correct title of National Anthem of India, when it was originally penned by Rabindranath Tagore?

[A] Jana Gana Mana
[B] Bharat Bhagya
[C] Bharat Bhagya Vidhata
[D] Bharat Vidhata
Correct Answer: [Bharat Vidhata]

48. In which year and at which place, India’s national anthem was sung for the first time?

[A] 1911, Kolkata
[B] 1912, Lucknow
[C] 1913, Delhi
[D] 1914, Bombay
Correct Answer: [1911, Kolkata]

49. Plassey, which is famous for the Battle of Plassey, is located in which among the following current states of India?

[A] West Bengal
[B] Bihar
[C] Chhattisgarh
[D] Jharkhand
Correct Answer: [West Bengal]

50. The famous Vidyasagar Setu is located in which among the following cities?

[A] Patna
[B] Kolkata
[C] Lucknow
[D] Chennai
Correct Answer: [Kolkata]

51. “Go Back to Vedas” Who among the following gave this motto?

[A] Swami Vivekananda
[B] Swami Dayananda Saraswati
[C] Ramkrishna Paramahansa
[D] None of the above
Correct Answer: [Swami Dayananda Saraswati]

52. Simon Commission had visited India during the times of which among the following Viceroys?

[A] Lord Irwin
[B] Lord Chelmsford
[C] Lord Willingdon
[D] Lord Wood
Correct Answer: [Lord Irwin]

53. At which among the following sessions of the Muslim League, Mohammed Ali Jinnah had invented a new slogan “Divide and Quit”?

[A] Lucknow Session 1931
[B] Karachi Session 1933
[C] Lahore Session 1940
[D] Karachi Session 1943
Correct Answer: [Karachi Session 1943]

54. At which among the following sessions, the All India Muslim league passed the Pakistan Resolution on 23 March 1940?

[A] Karachi
[B] Hyderabad
[C] Lahore
[D] Lucknow
Correct Answer: [Lahore]

55. At which of the following places, Green Pamphlet was issued by Mahatma Gandhi?

[A] Calcutta
[B] Surat
[C] Rajkot
[D] Sabarmati
Correct Answer: [Rajkot]

56. In which among the following years, Sabarmati Ashram was established by Mahatma Gandhi?

[A] 1910
[B] 1912
[C] 1915
[D] 1917
Correct Answer: [1917]

57. Which among the following towns / cities of Karnataka is most famous for monuments of Vijayanagar Empire?

[A] Gulbarga
[B] Belgaum
[C] Gadag
[D] Hampi
Correct Answer: [Hampi]

58. The Chauri Chaura Incident paved the way for end of which among the following movements?

[A] Civil Disobedience Movement
[B] Non-Cooperation Movement
[C] Quit India Movement
[D] Kheda Satyagraha
Correct Answer: [Non-Cooperation Movement]

59. The birth name of which among the following famous mystics was Gadadhar Chattopadhyay?

[A] Swami Vivekananda
[B] Ram Krishna Paramhansa
[C] Sri Aurobindo
[D] Swami Prabhupada
Correct Answer: [Ram Krishna Paramhansa]

60. Which among the following was the ONLY session of Indian National Congress that was presided by Mahatma Gandhi?

[A] Amaravati
[B] Belgaum
[C] Nagpur
[D] Karachi
Correct Answer: [Belgaum]

61. Who among the following was called by Jahangir as “English Khan”?

[A] Sir Thomas Roe
[B] William Hawkins
[C] Henry Middleton
[D] None of the above
Correct Answer: [William Hawkins]

62. During the times of Governor-General Lord Ellenborough, which among the following acts declared slavery as illegal?

[A] Act VI
[B] Act V
[C] Act III
[D] Act VIII
Correct Answer: [Act V]

63. The first meeting of Indian National Congress was held in Bombay in 1885 A.D. under the leadership of __:

[A] Dadabhai Naoroji
[B] Sir C. Sankaran Nair
[C] Woomesh Chandra Banerjee
[D] Badruddin Tyabji
Correct Answer: [Woomesh Chandra Banerjee]

64. Who among the following edited and published the newspaper Indian Mirror in 1861?

[A] Amitava Ghosh
[B] Ravindranath Tagore
[C] Sumit Ganguly
[D] Manmohan Ghosh and Devendranath Tagore
Correct Answer: [Manmohan Ghosh and Devendranath Tagore]

65. The Indian National Association formed in Calcutta by whom among the following?

[A] Dwarkanath Tagore
[B] Surendranath Banerjee
[C] Prasanno Kumar Tagore
[D] Debendranath Tagore
Correct Answer: [Surendranath Banerjee]

66. On which among the following dates, National Development Council was set up?

[A] 9th August 1960
[B] 6th August 1952
[C] 15th September 1958
[D] 29th August 1960
Correct Answer: [6th August 1952]

67. Who among the following was the author of Anand Math?

[A] Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
[B] Ravindranath Tagore
[C] Raja Ram Mohan Roy
[D] Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Correct Answer: [Bankim Chandra Chatterjee]

68. On which among the following dates, the Gandhi-Irwin Pact was signed?

[A] 5 March 1931
[B] 6 March 1931
[C] 7 March 1931
[D] 8 March 1931
Correct Answer: [5 March 1931]

69. On which among the following dates, execution of Bhagat Singh took place?

[A] March 19,1931
[B] April 23, 1931
[C] March 23, 1931
[D] March 14, 1931
Correct Answer: [March 23, 1931]

70. Who among the following presided the Karachi session of Indian National Congress in 1931?

[A] Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
[B] Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
[C] Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya
[D] Dr. M. A. Ansari
Correct Answer: [Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel]

71. Who among the following launched the Home Rule Movement in 1916?

[A] Frank Besant
[B] Helena Blavatsky
[C] Charles Knowlton
[D] Annie Besant
Correct Answer: [Annie Besant]

72. Who among the following leaders joined Gandhiji in the Champaran Satyagraha held on April 10, 1917?

[A] Bal Gangadhar Tilak
[B] Subhash Chandra Bose
[C] Rajendra Prasad
[D] None of these
Correct Answer: [Rajendra Prasad]

73. Who among the following presided the historic Lahore session of 1929 of Indian National Congress?

[A] Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
[B] Rajendra Prasad
[C] Lala Lajpat Rai
[D] Pandit Motilal Nehru
Correct Answer: [Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru]

74. The Lucknow session of Indian National Congress that took place in 1916 was presided by__:

[A] Rashbihari Ghosh
[B] Ambika Charan Majumdar
[C] Bhupendra Nath Bose
[D] None of the above
Correct Answer: [Ambika Charan Majumdar]

75. Who among the following was nominated as first Satyagrahi by Mahatma Gandhi for the Individual Satyagarha of 1940?

[A] Vinoba Bhave
[B] Jawarharlal Nehru
[C] Lal Bahadur Shastri
[D] S. Satyamurti
Correct Answer: [Vinoba Bhave]

76. Which among the following observed the Direct-Action Day on August 16, 1946?

[A] Muslim League
[B] Christian League
[C] Sikh League
[D] Hindu League
Correct Answer: [Muslim League]

77. Who among the following started Ganapati Festival in 1893 and thereby gave it national character?

[A] Ganesh Damodar Savarkar
[B] Nana Patil
[C] Lok manya Tilak
[D] Vinoba Bhave
Correct Answer: [Lok manya Tilak]

78. Who among the following introduced the Vernacular Press Act?

[A] Sir Ashley Eden
[B] Alexander John Arbuthnot
[C] Lord Lytton
[D] Lord Stanley
Correct Answer: [Lord Lytton]

79. Who among the following presided over the Surat Session of Indian National Congress in 1907?

[A] Dadabhai Naoroji
[B] Gopal krishna Gokhale
[C] Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya
[D] Ras Bihari Ghosh
Correct Answer: [Ras Bihari Ghosh]

80. Who among the following founded the Madras Labour Union?

[A] Subodh Banerjee
[B] B.P. Wadia
[C] Lala Lajpat Rai
[D] Bharat Bhushan Pandey
Correct Answer: [B.P. Wadia]

81. Which among the following was the first registered Trade Union of India?

[A] Hindu Mazdoor Sabha
[B] Bhartiya Mazdoor Sangh
[C] Madras Labour Union
[D] United Trade Union Congress
Correct Answer: [Madras Labour Union]

82. Who among the following resigned from the membership of the Viceroy’s Executive Council as a protest against Jallianwala Bagh Massacre?

[A] C. P. Ramaswami Iyer
[B] Muhammad Ali Jinnah
[C] B. N. Sarma
[D] Shankaran Nair
Correct Answer: [Shankaran Nair]

83. On which among the following dates, Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place?

[A] April 16,1919
[B] April 13,1919
[C] April 3,1919
[D] April 14,1919
Correct Answer: [April 13,1919]

84. In which of the following languages was the Ghadar Journal was first published?

[A] Urdu
[B] English
[C] Punjabi
[D] Pushtu
Correct Answer: [Urdu]

85. Who among the following played a dominant role in the famous Vaikom Satyagraha of 1924–25?

[A] T. K. Madhavan
[B] Muloor S.Padmanabha Panicker
[C] Balarama Varma
[D] K. Kelappan
Correct Answer: [K. Kelappan]

86. At which among the following places, All India Muslim League was established in 1906?

[A] Dhaka
[B] Naypyidaw
[C] Islamabad
[D] Muscat
Correct Answer: [Dhaka]

87. During the independence movement, newspaper ‘Kesari’ was published by_:

[A] Subhash Chandra Bose
[B] Bal Gangadhar Tilak
[C] Mohammad Ali Jinnah
[D] Lala Lajpat Rai
Correct Answer: [Bal Gangadhar Tilak]

88. On which among the following dates, the Second Round Table Conference was held?

[A] November 17, 1932
[B] November 12, 1930
[C] September 7, 1931
[D] September 7, 1932
Correct Answer: [September 7, 1931]

89. Who among the following played a dominant role in establishing the All India Trade Union Congress?

[A] Basawon Singh (Sinha)
[B] Subodh Banerjee
[C] Lala Lajpat Rai
[D] Ashok Mehta
Correct Answer: [Lala Lajpat Rai]

90. Who among the following was the first Indian woman president to chair the Indian National Congress at Kanpur session of 1925?

[A] Sarojini Naidu
[B] Annie Beasant
[C] Nellie Sengupta
[D] Indira Gandhi
Correct Answer: [Sarojini Naidu]

91. Which among the following Charter Acts ended the commercial monopoly of East India Company in India?

[A] Charter Act of 1793
[B] Charter Act of 1813
[C] Charter Act of 1833
[D] Charter Act of 1853
Correct Answer: [Charter Act of 1813]

92. Who among the following introduced the subsidiary alliance system in India?

[A] Lord Clive
[B] Lord Wellesley
[C] Lord Cunningham
[D] Lord Canning
Correct Answer: [Lord Wellesley]

93. Who among the following signed the Treaty of Bassein in 1802 with the British East India Company?

[A] Baji Rao II
[B] Baji Rao I
[C] Sultan Bahadur
[D] None of the above
Correct Answer: [Baji Rao II]

94. Shivaji had formed a council of eight ministers that administered the Maratha empire. The council was named as:

[A] Nyaya Pradhan
[B] Ashta Sena
[C] Ashta Siddhi
[D] Ashta Pradhan
Correct Answer: [Ashta Pradhan]

95. Which among the following events was a major set-back to Khilafat Movement?

[A] Announcements of concession to Muslims by British Government
[B] Pact signed between Indian National Congress and Muslim League
[C] Revolution in Turkey
[D] Violence in Chauri Chaura
Correct Answer: [Revolution in Turkey]

96. Which among the following events took place immediately before the massacre at Jallianwalla Bagh?

[A] Partition of Bengal
[B] llbert Bill
[C] Passage of the Rowlatt Act
[D] Minto-Morley Reforms
Correct Answer: [Passage of the Rowlatt Act]

97. Which among the following books was authored by Mahatma Gandhi?

[A] Hindu View of Life
[B] Hind Swaraj
[C] Discovery of India
[D] My Truth
Correct Answer: [Hind Swaraj]

98. Who among the following founded the Indian Society of Oriental Art to revive the ancient art traditions of India?

[A] Abanindranath Tagore
[B] Ravindranath Tagore
[C] Surendranath Ganguly
[D] Mukul Dey
Correct Answer: [Abanindranath Tagore]

99. In which year, first census was conducted in India?

[A] 1884
[B] 1872
[C] 1881
[D] 1891
Correct Answer: [1872]

100. Martyrdom of Chandrashekhar Azad took place on which among the following dates?

[A] February 27, 1931
[B] February 11, 1931
[C] April 13, 1931
[D] August 14, 1931
Correct Answer: [February 27, 1931]

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