Different Sources of the Indian Constitution

After 15 August 1947, the Constituent Assembly of India started functioning as India’s Parliament. The Indian Constitution was drafted by the B. R. Ambedkar in conjunction with the necessary deliberations and debates in the Constituent Assembly. Then, the constituent Assembly approved the Constitution on November 26, 1949. But it came into effect on January 26, 1950 — a day now commemorated as Republic Day in India.

The Draft Committee of Constituent Assembly Drafted the Constitution of India by taking impressions from constitutions of the other countries as well as from the Government of India Act 1935. In-fact, the skeleton of the Constitution of India was derived from the Government Act 1935, and other constitutions of the world. Our team of Career101 has mentioned the details about all the sources of the Indian Constitution. These are listed below in the article, along with the Government of India Act, 1935.

Government of India Act, 1935

(a) Federal System

(b) Office of governor

(c) Judiciary

(d) Public Service Commissions

(f) Emergency provisions

(g) Administrative details

Constitution of Britain

(a) Lawmaking Producers

(b) Rule of law

(c) Single citizenship

(d) Bi- cameral Parliamentary system

(e) Office of CAG

Constitution of the USA

(a) Independence of judiciary

(b) Judicial review

(c) Fundamental rights

(d) Removal of Supreme Court

(e) Removal of High Court judges

(f) Preamble and functions of president and Vice-president

Constitution of Canada

(a) Federation with a strong center

(b) To provide residuary powers to the center

(c) Supreme Court’s advisory jurisdiction

Constitution of Ireland

(a) Directive principles of state policy

(b) Method of presidential elections

(c) The nomination of members to Rajya Sabha by the president

Weimar Constitution Germany

(a) Provisions concerning the suspension of fundamental rights during emergency

Constitution of Australia

(a) The idea of the Constitution list

(b) Trade and Commerce Provisions

Constitution of South Africa

(a) Amendment with 2/ 3rd majority in parliament and election of the members of Rajya Sabha on the basis of proportional representation

Constitution of France

(a) Republican System

(b) Principles of Liberty

(c) Equality and Fraternity

Constitution of former USSR

(a) Fundamental Duties

(b) Ideals of justice in the preamble

Constitution of Japan

(a) Procedure Established by Law

The Indian Constitution had borrowed many best features from other Constitutions of the world, and this makes the Indian Constitutions different from other Constitutions of the world. In this regard, the chairman of the drafting committee Dr. Ambedkar had said that “As to the accusation that the Draft Constitution has reproduced a good part of the provisions of the Government of India Act, 1935, I make no apologies. There is nothing to be ashamed of in borrowing. It involves no plagiarism. Nobody holds any patent rights in the fundamental ideas of a Constitution….

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