What is Geographical Indication Tag or GI Tag?

Updated July 18, 2022

A Geographical Indication or GI tag is a sign used on a product that has a specific geographical location. GI tags may be regarded as a certification given to the particular product for traditional methods, has certain specific qualities, or has a particular reputation because of its geographical origin.

It means the product gets GI tags due to the possession of qualities, characteristics, and popularity in a specific region. In India, Geographical Indication tag or registration came into force with effect from the 15th September 2003. GI tags are usually given to agricultural products, foodstuffs, wine and spirit drinks, handicrafts, and industrial products.

Who Accords and Regulates Geographical Indications?

Geographical Indications are covered as an element of IPRs (Intellectual Property Rights) under Articles 1 (2) of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. At the global level, GI is governed by the World Trade Organization’s (WTO’s) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).

In India, it is administered by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. The first product in India to be accorded with GI tag was Darjeeling tea in the year 2004-05.

Who issues Geographical Indication Tag in India?

The GI tags are given as per the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act,1999. The Geographical Indication Registry functioning under the Department of Industry Promotion and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, issues the GI tag.

Darjeeling tea was the first product that got GI tag in 2004–05 in India. Since then 365 goods had been added to the list as of May 2020. Recently Kashmir saffron and black rice Manipur got this GI tag.

Benefits of Geographical Indication Tag

The Geographical Indication registration confers the following benefits:

(a) Legal protection to the products

(b) Prevents unauthorised use of GI tag products by others

(c) It helps consumers to get quality products of desired traits and is assured of the authenticity

(d) Promotes the economic prosperity of producers of GI tag goods by enhancing their demand in national and international markets

List of Geographical Indications (GI) Tags in India

Geographical IndicationTypeState/UT
Sohrai-Khovar PaintingHandicraftJharkhand
Darjeeling Tea (Word and Logo)AgricultureWest Bengal
Nakshi KanthaHandicraftWest Bengal
Aranmula KannadiHandicraftKerala
Salem FabricHandicraftTamil Nadu
Thanjavur PaintingsHandicraftTamil Nadu
Arumbavur Wood CarvingsHandicraftTamil Nadu
Kancheepuram SilkHandicraftTamil Nadu
Bhavani JamakkalamHandicraftTamil Nadu
Coimbatore Wet GrinderManufacturedTamil Nadu
Madurai SungudiHandicraftTamil Nadu
Thanjavur Art Plate and (its Logo)HandicraftTamil Nadu
Temple Jewellery of Nagercoil and (its Logo)HandicraftTamil Nadu
Swamimalai Bronze Icons and (its Logo)HandicraftTamil Nadu
Panchamirtham’ of Palani Murugan TempleFood StuffTamil Nadu
Dindigul LockManufacturedTamil Nadu
Kandangi SareeHandicraftTamil Nadu
Thanjavur Pith WorksHandicraftTamil Nadu
Kovilpatti kadalai mittaiFood StuffTamil Nadu
Pathamadai MatHandicraftTamil Nadu
Solapur ChaddarHandicraftMaharashtra
Solapur Terry TowelHandicraftMaharashtra
Chanderi SareesHandicraftMadhya Pradesh
Silver Filigree of KarimnagarHandicraftTelangana
Pochampally IkatTextileTelangana
Puttapaka Telia RumalHandicraftTelangana
Payyanur Pavithra RingHandicraftKerala
Kotpad HandloomHandicraftOdisha
Orissa IkatHandicraftOdisha
Odisha RasagolaFood StuffOdisha
Kota DoriaHandicraftRajasthan
Blue Pottery of Jaipur and (its Logo)HandicraftRajasthan
Molela Clay Work and (its Logo)HandicraftRajasthan
Kathputlis of Rajasthan and (its Logo)HandicraftRajasthan
Khijuria SweetsFood StuffRajasthan
Alleppey CoirHandicraftKerala
Brass Broidered Coconut shell crafts of KeralaHandicraftKerala
Screw Pine Crafts of KeralaHandicraftKerala
Navara RiceAgricultureKerala
Palakkadan Matta RiceAgricultureKerala
Brass Broidered Coconut shell crafts of KeralaHandicraftKerala
Screw Pine Crafts of Kerala and (its Logo)HandicraftKerala
Maddalam of Palakkad and (its Logo)HandicraftKerala
Tirur SupariMedicineKerala
Tirur VettilaBetel LeafKerala
Alleppey Green CardamomAgricultureKerala
Chendamangalam sareeTraditional clothKerala
Pokkali RiceCropKerala
Mysore Rosewood InlayHandicraftKarnataka
Mysore SilkHandicraftKarnataka
Channapatna Toys & DollsHandicraftKarnataka
Mysore AgarbathiManufacturedKarnataka
Mysore Agarbathi (Logo)ManufactureKarnataka
Mysore Sandalwood OilManufacturedKarnataka
Mysore Sandal soapManufacturedKarnataka
Kasuti EmbroideryHandicraftKarnataka
Mysore Traditional PaintingsHandicraftKarnataka
Coorg OrangeAgricultureKarnataka
Mysore Betel leafAgricultureKarnataka
Nanjanagud BananaAgricultureKarnataka
Ganjifa cards of Mysore and (its Logo)HandicraftKarnataka
Navalgund durries and (its Logo)HandicraftKarnataka
Karnataka Bronze Ware and (its Logo)HandicraftKarnataka
Mysore MalligaeAgricultureKarnataka
Udupi Malligae AgricultureKarnataka
Gulbarga Tur DalAgricultureKarnataka
Hadagali MalligaeAgricultureKarnataka
Applique (Khatwa) Work of BiharHandicraftBihar
Bhagalpur SilksHandicraftBihar
Sikki Grass Products of BiharHandicraftBihar
Shahi LitchiAgricultureBihar
Katarni RiceAgricultureBihar
Jardalu MangoAgricultureBihar
Magahi Paan (Betel)AgricultureBihar
Kullu ShawlHandicraftHimachal Pradesh
Kangra TeaAgricultureHimachal Pradesh
PhulkariHandicraft Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan
Srikalahasthi KalamkariHandicraftAndhra Pradesh
Kondapalli BommalluHandicraftAndhra Pradesh
Kashmir PashminaHandicraftJammu and Kashmir
Kashmir Sozani CraftHandicraftJammu and Kashmir
Kani ShawlHandicraftJammu and Kashmir
Saffron (Lachha, mongra, guchhi)AgricultureJammu and Kashmir
Malabar PepperAgricultureKerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu
Allahabad Surkha GuavaAgricultureUttar Pradesh
Muga Silk of AssamHandicraftAssam
Muga Silk of Assam (Logo)HandicraftAssam
Khola chilliAgricultureGoa
KhajemFood StuffGoa
Moira BananasFruitGoa
Harmal ChilliesVegetablesGoa
Chak-Hao (Black Rice)AgricultureManipur
Gorakhpur terracottaHandicraftUttar Pradesh
Madhubani paintingHandicraftBihar

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