The BUMS, or popularly known as Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery, is a 5 and ½ year-long undergraduate medical course formulated to offer every aspect of medical knowledge in the Unani field. The BUMS course teaches several vital subjects, including Regimental therapy (llaj -bit- Tadbeer), Turkish bath, Cauterization, Emesis, Dietotherapy (llaj-bit-Ghiza), and many more. Consequently, students develop into efficient and competent professionals after graduating with a course, and they help patients enhance their body’s natural healing power. Moreover, the professionals practicing such systems of medicine have shown an outstanding result in curing diseases like Eczema, Vitiligo, Rheumatoid, Arthritis, Bronchial Asthma, Jaundice, and many more.
Students aspiring to study the course can pursue it only after completing class 12th with science stream and physics, Chemistry, Biology as the mandatory subjects. The course, however, also demands several other qualifications from the candidates that must be possessed during the commencement of admission. Also, participants need to qualify either in the national, state, or university-level entrance exams to get entry to any reputed university and institute.
What is BUMS Full Form in Medical?
The Full form of BUMS in Medical is Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery. It is an undergraduate course designed to offer in-depth knowledge and experience in the Unani System of Medicine. The Yunani system of medicine found in Greece is one of the oldest medications in the world and is also known as Arabian medicine or Islamic medicine. It was early observed in South Asia, and with the course of time, it gets refined and spread over Central Asia. Moreover, this Unani system of medicine is prominently influenced by the Indian traditional system of medicines which could be visible in the frames of treatment. For a long time, Indian Traditional medicine practitioners have been practicing these kinds of medicine systems legally or illicitly. Candidates wishing to be legal practitioners of the traditional systems of medicine, then they need to obtain the BUMS undergraduate degree.
This undergraduate course, however, focuses on the techniques and treatments to reduce the ailments of the clients/patients. The patients are taken care of by enhancing the body’s healing power by using Unani medicines. The Yunani system of medicine has shown an outstanding result in treating diseases and disorders including, Eczema, Vitiligo, Rheumatoid, Leucoderma, Arthritis, Psoriasis, Bronchial Asthma, Jaundice, Filariasis, Acute, and chronic diseases. This Unani medicine system is quite similar to the Bachelor of Ayurvedic system of medicine in terms of medical practices. According to the Yunani system of medicine, there are four elements in the human body Phlegm, Blood, Yellow Bile, and Black Bile.
BUMS Course Details
This Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery is a long undergraduate course provided to the students to effectively be involved in curing the patients/clients’ infertility, vitiligo, diabetes, kidney stone, and numerous other disorders. The program, however, contains 4 and ½ year academic and 1-year mandatory internships with live practicals. More so, students learn various hard and soft skills under the course, which make them competent to deal with patients/clients. Unani System of medicine is an alternative medication other than Allopathy given to individuals. In this professional course, students are taught several crucial subjects, including Regimental therapy (llaj -bit- Tadbeer), Turkish bath, Cauterization, Emesis, Dietotherapy (llaj-bit-Ghiza), to name a few. The programme covers numerous essential medical knowledge that requires to create of professional practitioners in the field of Unani.
The students aspiring to make a career in the Unani field can pursue the BUMS course by completing the basic eligibility requirements. The course, however, also demands to qualify in either national or state level entrance exams to study the program. Providing essential subjects and building competent professionals is the prominent objective of the BUMS course. After obtaining a Yunani degree, students can land into numerous prosperous career avenues, including Nursing homes in Unani care, Unani Medical colleges, Life science industries, the Healthcare community, and many more.
Short Details of the Bachelor of Unani Program
BUMS Full Form: Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery
Course: Undergraduate in Traditional System of Medicine
Degree: Bachelor Degree
Eligibility Criteria: Applicants must have passed 12th standard with Science stream (PCB)
BUMS Course Duration: 5 and ½ Years (4.5 years Academic course & 1 Year Internship)
Average Fees for BUMS Course: 60k to 6lacs for the entire course
Average Salary for BUMS Graduates: Rs 2lacs to 12lacs per annum
Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery Course Eligibility Criteria
Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery is a traditional medical program that is provided to the students to be involved in treating numerous diseases using natural herbs, minerals, and other natural drugs. The practitioners who are providing this medication to clients/patients will be considered illicit if they don’t have obtained a degree in the Unani System of Medicine. So, to obtain the BUMS course, students are really needed to meet the essential eligibility requirements set up by the AYUSH (Department of Ayurveda, Yoga, and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homoeopathy). The students, however, aspiring to become Unani practitioners must have basic concepts and a keen interest in the herbal elements. Some of the standard eligibility requirements for the aspirants are written up below-
(a) The applicants must have done their intermediate standard from a recognized institute with a minimum of 50 to 60 percent aggregate marks. The minimum marks may vary to different universities and institutes.
(b) Also, they must have completed their class 12th Standard with Chemistry, Physics, and Biology as the mandatory subjects.
(c) Institutes set their own eligibility requirements to provide admission to the BUMS course. Therefore, the minimum requirement of marks in the intermediate examination can be different for different colleges in India according to their policy.
(d) Qualifying in the national, state, or universities-level entrance exam is crucial to pursue the programme.
(e) The minimum age limit for the students interested in studying the course is 17 years. More so, it can vary according to the norms of the institutes.
Popular Entrance Exams for the Course
Some of the popular entrance exams that students can take to pursue the course are as follows-
(a) NEET-UG (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Exam): It is an entrance test conducted by National Testing Agency to allocate seats in the medical colleges. It was formerly known as the All India Pre-Medical Test (A.I.P.M.T.) for M.B.B.S. and B.D.S. programs in Indian medical and dental colleges.
(b) BVP CET (Bharati Vidyapeeth Common Entrance Test): BVP CET is an entrance examination conducted to offer admission to the Bharati Vidyapeeth institute. The university makes available quality education in the field of their choice and inclination.
(c) AP-EAMCET (Andhra Pradesh, Engineering Agriculture, and Medical Common Entrance Test): Engineering Agriculture and Medical Common Entrance Test is an entrance examination conducted separately in the Indian State of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana to provide admission to study various medical, engineering, and agricultural courses.
(d) IPU CET (Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test): IPU CET is a gateway to study various disciplines like engineering, Management, Law, Arts, Paramedical Sciences, Science, Medicine, Nursing, Hotel Management, Architecture, and several others.
(e) Telangana TS EAMCET Entrance Exam: Engineering Agriculture and Medical Common Entrance Test is an entrance examination conducted separately in the Indian State of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana to provide admission to study various undergraduate/postgraduate medical, engineering, and agricultural courses.
(f) O.J.E.E. (Odisha Joint Entrance Examination): It is an entrance test organized by the O.J.E.E. committee formed by the State government. This joint entrance is conducted every year to provide admission into several undergraduate/postgraduate courses..
Admission Process of BUMS Course
Admission to the Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery course can be easily taken by the students. However, it requires one to possess basic qualifications and eligibility requirements. Students can access the program by fulfilling standard requirements and qualifying in the national, state, university-level entrance exams. They can only get admission into the program after taking entrance exams and obtaining a good rank and score in the qualifying test. Some of the prominent entrance exams conducted to provide Entry to the course include NEET-UG, Assam CEE Entrance, IPU CET, AP-EAMCET, and several others. Let’s have a look over the road map of admission into the UG medical program-
Entrance Based Entry to the program–
(a) To enroll in the BUMS course, students are required to attempt the entrance exams, either National, State, or University-level, according to their choice of interest.
(b) After successfully taking entrance exams, the competent authority declares merit lists that will entail scores and ranks along with the names of the candidates.
(c) Once students qualifying the entrance exams and obtain above the minimum ranks and scores set up by the competent authority, they will be called for the further selection process.
(d) The candidates will be called for counseling rounds once the respective entrance authority declares the merit list. The competent authority will conduct the counseling rounds under the stipulated date and time.
(e) As part of the counseling rounds, students will be called to select the colleges and courses according to their ranks and scores in the merit lists.
(f) On the basis of choices made by the candidate, their respective ranks and scores as per the merit lists, and availability of seats in the individual choices, the relevant competent authority will offer the provisional admission to the course.
Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery Syllabus
It is a five-and-a-half-year-long bachelor course that provides a gateway to obtain an exciting job in the Yunani areas. Therefore, to make a path for better career prospects, several institutes in India offer a bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery program and also make them learn soft and hard skills during the course. The course sharpens the edge of learning by providing a combination of theoretical and practical knowledge to the students. Under the course, the participants are provided with the requisite subjects to become well aware of every aspect of the Unani medicine, including History of Medicine, Pathology, Philosophy and Astronomy, Pathology, Ophthalmology, and Diseases of Ear, Nose, and Throat, to mention a few. The course, however, also entails a one-year internship of live practical. Some of the important BUMS subjects taught in the course frame are listed below:
Particulars of Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery Program
|Professional Year- 01||Professional Year- 02|
|Logic Philosophy and Astronomy or (Arabic and Mantiq wa Falsafa)||History of Medicine or (Tareekh-e-tib)|
|Munafeul Aaza (Physiology)||Mahiyatul Amraz (Pathology)|
|Basic Principles of Unani Medicine or (Kulliyat Umoore Tabiya)||Preventive and Community Medicine or (Tahaffuzi wa Samaji Tib)|
|Anatomy or (Tashreeh Ul Badan)||Ilmul Advia|
|Professional Year- 03||Professional Year- 04|
|Unani Pharmacy (Ilmul Saidla wa Murakkabat)||Surgery (Ilmul Jarahat)|
|Regional Therapy (Ilaj Bit Tadbeer)||(Gynaecology) Amraze Niswan|
|Medical Jurisprudence and Toxicology (Tibbe Qanooni wa Ilmul Samoom)||Obstetrics and Neonatology (Ilmul Qabalat wa Naumalood)|
|Paediatrics (Amraz-e-Atfal)||Ophthalmology and Diseases of Ear, Nose and Throat (Ain, Uzn, Anaf, Halaq wa Asnan)|
|Bedside clinic and principles of management (Sareeriyat wa Usoole Ilaj)||Moalajat – I (General Medicine)|
|Communication Skills||Moalajat – II|
BUMS Course Fees
In India, several institutes allocate seats to the participants to study the Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery. The students, however, are required to clear either national, state, or university-level entrance exams to get admission into the program. Most of the renowned institutes are concerned with providing entry only after qualifying in the entrance exam. As every institute makes its own norms and procedures to provide access to the Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery program, so they have different fee structures for the course. Several factors are considered when the fees are charged to the students to study the program. Some of them are popularity, location of the institutes, infrastructure of the universities, faculty provided by the colleges, to mention a few. Therefore, students who aspire to study the program will have to pay the fee according to the demand of the respective universities/colleges. Although, the average fees structure of the BUMS course ranges from INR 60k to above 5.9 Lacs for the entire course.
Career and Job Prospects after Pursuing BUMS course
The world is now taking alternative medicine such as yoga, homeopathy, acupuncture, and even Unani to escape from the side effects of Allopathic medicine. These traditional systems of medicines are quite very effective in curing the ailments and disorders of the patients or clients. In the same way, Unani medicine supports the human own body’s healing ability by providing requisite herbs, minerals, and other natural elements. As people are choosing various ancient systems of medicines to curb the side effects of allopathic medicine, the trend of jobs availability has also made an upward slope in the same field. Also, career opportunities in Yunani medicine these days are more than ever before. It is visible in several areas, including Unani Charitable institutions, Pharmacy, Pharmacy Industry, Healthcare industries, to mention a few. Hence, the students could avail themselves of several top-notch career opportunities after graduating from the Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery program.
Notwithstanding, a BUMS graduate has the chance to make a career in both governments as well as private hospitals. After getting some experience and imbibing requisite skills, practitioners of such medicine can also venture out on their own clinics. Some of the prominent employment avenues for the BNYS graduates are:
(a) Life Sciences Industries
(b) Personal Clinic
(c) Unani Nursing Homecare
(d) Educational Institutes (Unani Colleges and Universities)
(e) Unani Charitable Institutions
(f) Unani Government and Private Hospitals
(g) Healthcare Community
(h) Unani Medicine Store
(i) Unani and Ayurvedic Research Institutes
Prominent Job Profiles for the Graduates
Graduate students can hold numerous job profiles according to their choice. Masses are embracing this kind of healing medicine which has contributed to increasing the need of the professionals in the field of Unani Medicine & Surgery and also in the relevant market. Some of the job roles are as-.
(b) Unani Consultant
(c) Unani Therapist
(d) Lecturer/professor (Educator)
(e) Unani Medicine Pharmicist
(f) Unani Chemist
(g) Private Practice
(h) Unani Medicine Distributor
Salary of BUMS Graduates
The professionals working in Unani and its relevant fields are compensated with lucrative salary packages. The salary offers to graduate students could vary depending on their work areas, skill set, qualifications, colleges they opted for, and several others. Students who are recently graduated with a Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery would get less remuneration than the experienced one. The Unani and Surgery practitioner could earn about at least 3lacs to 12lacs per annum. Those who have gained a lot of experience in the relevant field will be compensated more.