Updated June 25, 2022
Doctor of Medicine or MD courses is studied by the candidates who wish to specialize in a specific medicine like Anatomy, cardiology, neurology, homoeopathy, etc. Of course, the journey of being specialized in any particular discipline is not a cakewalk, it requires pure hard work, endurance & determination.
Considering the eligibility, the individuals should have an MBBS degree in order to pursue the Doctor of Medicine courses. Before applying to MD Courses, you must be aware of the things that store in the curriculum. Here is a glance at the critical aspects of the MD courses.
What is MD Full Form?
Doctor of Medicine is the full form of MD. It is a degree honoured to the individuals when they complete a Doctor of Medicine in any specialization or general medicine. Even at the post-graduate level, the participants have several options to pursue either MD (Doctor of Medicine), MS (Master of Surgery), or DNB (Diplomate of National Board) courses. The students who study specialized courses at PG are awarded MD, MS & DNB qualifications accordingly.
What are MD (Doctor of Medicine) Courses?
MD or Doctor of Medicine courses are post-graduate curricula that span over 3-4 years and can be pursued either as a specialization in medicine or general medicine. Actually, the Doctor of Medicine courses are studied by the individuals to boost holistic understanding of the discipline (Specialization). Students having an MBBS degree are eligible to pursue these MD Courses. Below is the list of some MD courses:
(I) MD in Anatomy
(II) MD in Geriatrics
(III) MD in Nephrology
(IV) MD in Ophthalmology
(V) MD in Endocrinology
(VI) MD in Biochemistry
(VII) MD in Aerospace Medicine
(VIII) MD in Medical Oncology
(IX) MD in Pulmonary Medicine
(X) MD in Clinical Pharmacology
(XI) MD in Obstetrics & Gynecology
(XII) MD in Clinical Haematology
(XIII) MD in ENT
(XIV) MD in Neurology
(XV) MD in Cardiology
(XVI) MD in Anesthesia
(XVII) MD in Orthopedics
(XVIII) MD in Dermatology
(XIX) MD in Rheumatology
(XX) MD in Neonatology
Who can Study the Specialized MD Courses?
M.D. courses are post-graduate level curricula, so it is obvious that students should have completed their M.B.B.S. degree. To pursue such specialized courses, aspirants may also require to meet other standards requirements.
For the uninitiated, the eligibility for Doctor of medicine courses can slightly be changed in different leading medical institutes. Therefore, aspirants should keep a close eye on the requirements needed in the colleges/universities. The following are some of the generalized qualifications for M.D. courses:
(a) The primary qualification for M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) Courses is having an intermediate certificate in science stream from a recognized education board. It is also vital for the students to have done their 12th schooling with physics, chemistry, biology & English subjects.
(b) You must have an M.B.B.S. degree from a recognized Medical Institute or University approved by the (MCI) Medical Council of India.
(c) For these kinds of specialized medical courses, institutes even ask for experience. And those with experience are given more preference in the process of pursuing the courses.
(d) Qualifying entrance is also required to take it up. Therefore, you should have a valid NEET PG score.
Eligibility Criteria for Abroad Institutes
The Basic eligibility criteria for foreign institutes are no different from the Indian Institutes. However, institutes in the UK, US, Canada, etc., need something more requirements for the institutes. Here is the list of some eligibility for Doctor of Medicine Courses:
(a) For such specialized medical courses, the aspirants should have cleared senior higher secondary education with Physics, Chemistry and Biology (PCB) from a recognized board of education.
(b) An MBBS degree is compulsory. Prior experience in their chosen medical field is preferred.
(c) Qualifying scores in IELTS & TOEFL tests should be with you for the Doctor of Medicine Courses.
(d) Students with MBBS degrees must take the MCAT exam (for US and Canada Universities), PLAB exam for UK Universities, or CAT MCQ test for Australia Universities. The requisite examination score is required to apply to foreign universities for you to pursue a Doctor of Medicine (MD).
What are Some Skills Required for MD Courses?
Possessing some requisite skills will keep you a step ahead in pursuing the Doctor of Medicine Courses. These also play a significant role in the practical life of the individuals, apart from their usability in Academic courses. Here are some critical skills that can be helpful in sailing smoothly through this intensive post-graduate degree:
(a) Communication & Presentation Skills
(b) Leadership Skill
(c) Time Management Skill
(d) Problem-solving Ability
(e) Critical Thinking Ability
(f) Ability to Work under pressure
(g) Ability to effectively handle emergency situations
(h) Decision-making skills
Common Syllabus & Subjects for Doctor of Medicine
Doctor of Medicine courses is primarily focused on providing an in-depth understanding of practical topics & subjects of the discipline. The courses emphasize seminars, lectures, practical work, internships, thesis work and research, etc. Apart from the major part of the practical section, MD programmes also stress on improving the theoretical learning of the discipline. Here is a glance at the particulars included in the curriculum:
(a) Applied Basic Knowledge
(b) OPD patient management
(c) Ward patient management
(d) Monitoring seriously ill patients
(e) Counselling patients and relatives
(f) Biostatistics and clinical epidemiology
(g) Diseases with reference to General Medicine
How to get admission in M.D. Courses?
The institutes offering admission follow their own rules & procedures. Even the requirements to let students study the MD courses vary from university to university. Therefore, for pursuing MD courses, having standard documents & entrance exam scorecard is a must for the individuals. The below-mentioned points clarify the process of enrolling into the institutes:
Entrance-Based Entry to Doctor of Medicine Courses
(a) Pick a suitable college for your particular MD course.
(b) Then fill out the application form for the entrance test through which you can take it up.
(c) You must ensure to score excellent marks in that specific entrance exam because admission to MD courses is purely based on the entrance exam scorecard.
(d) Next step is the counselling process. But, for this, you will need to qualify in the Entrance Test. If you qualify the test, you will have to appear for a group discussion & personal interview, wherein your aptitude will be examined.
(e) Your last step will be left to submit the hardcopy of the requisite documents demanded by the university.
What are the Entrance Exams for Doctor of Medicine Courses?
Given below are some of the major entrance exams that are must for pursuing a doctor of medicine in India:
(a) NEET PG Entrance Exam
(b) Banaras Hindu University Entrance Exam
(c) All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS)
(d) Institute of Human Behaviour & Allied Sciences (IHBAS)
(e) Delhi University Super Speciality Entrance Test (DUMET)
(f) PGIMER Entrance Exam
(g) INI CET Entrance Exam
(h) CMC Vellore PG Medical Entrance Exam
Career Scopes After Completing Doctor of Medicine Courses
Being a doctor is one of the most responsible job professions around the world. As the lives of millions of people are in the hand of doctors, therefore it is a must for the medical personnel to be precise at every moment. In the field, not only specialists or doctors are involved, but medical technician, assistant and others contribute their part.
Therefore, numerous promising career opportunities are available for individuals who completed their medical degrees. Talking about the same, the opportunities are expanding for the medical personnel with the expansion of the field. New complications & diseases are also contributing to expanding & opening the career options for the graduates. Here is a glance at some job profiles:
(a) General Practicioners
These lucrative and promising job profiles can be explored in diverse fields. You can either explore prospects in your chosen field of interest or, as a general physician, you can find plentiful work opportunities in health centres and organizations.
(a) Medical Colleges
(b) Health Centres
(c) Nursing Homes
(e) Government Agencies
(f) Biomedical Companies
(g) Private Super Speciality Hospitals
(h) Non-Profit Organisations, etc.
Salary of the Individuals Completing MD Courses
The salary of the participants varies on the basis of the MD specialization they opted for & done their degree. Not only this, but the salary of a candidate also depends on the employment spaces, job profiles, and years of experience. The following list shows the range of salary according to MD degree in the specialization:
|MD Specialization||Average Annual Salary|
|(a) MD in Neurology||INR 18-20 Lakhs|
|(b) MD in Neonatology||INR 20.2 Lakhs|
|(c) MD in Endocrinology||INR 20 lakhs|
|(d) MD in Cardiology||INR 12 Lakhs|
|(e) MD in Pulmonary Medicine||INR 19 Lakhs|
|(f) MD in Clinical Hematology||INR 15-20 Lakhs|
|(g) MD in Clinical Pharmacology||INR 8-12 Lakhs|
|(h) MD in Gastroenterology||INR 36.5Lkahs|
Colleges for Doctor of Medicine
The following are some of the most top ranked universities & colleges for Doctor of Medicine courses:
(a) University of Oxford
(b) University of Cambridge
(c) Stanford University
(d) Madras Medical College
(e) Government Medical College
(f) Lady Hardinge Medical College
Questions Mostly Asked About MD Courses
Ans- There are several best Doctor of Medicine courses which individuals can opt one and make their career impressive. Some of the best specializations include the following:
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Ans- The individuals must have done their MBBS degree with at least 50% of aggregate marks. Also, qualifying the entrance exam is a must for the aspirants to get admission into the institutes.
Ans- Students can explore numerous best MD courses after MBBS. Here is the list of best Doctor of Medicine courses:
(a) MD in anatomy
(b) MD in general medicine
(c) MD in radiology
(d) MD in Paediatrics
(e) MD in aerospace Medicine
(f) MD in obstetrics and Gynaecology
(g) MD in dermatology, venereology and leprosy
Ans- The duration of Doctor of Medicine courses is 3-4 years.