Updated August 7, 2022
BVSc or Bachelor of Veterinary Science is 5.5 years undergraduate course, imparting knowledge & skills to cure diseases, disorders and injuries in animals. Aspirants passionate about caring for animals and have completed intermediate education can pursue this veterinary medicine at the UG level.
The course assists you in gaining knowledge extensively of every aspect of animals like their biological function, anatomy, genetics and breeding, amongst others. These help you to find out problems and practice veterinary medicine aptly. Several institutes in & outside India are available that offer BVSc course to suitable students.
This undergraduate Veterinary Medicine course covers several other essential things which are detailed in the article, so keep reading.
What is BVSC Full Form in Medical Field?
Bachelor of Veterinary Science stands for BVSc. This abbreviation refers to an undergraduate program under which students learn about Veterinary medicine. For the unversed, studying veterinary medicine is related to the treatment of the ailments and injuries of farm and domestic animals.
BVSc Course- Basic Understanding of the Discipline
BVSc or Bachelor’s in Veterinary Science is an undergraduate course that offers holistic experience and scientific knowledge of Veterinary medicine. Essentially, the program has been designed to build efficient and even proficient veterinary medical personnel who can offer proper diagnosis and treatment to animals from hamsters to elephants suffering ailments and injuries.
Talking about the same, having accurate knowledge and skills is crucial to dealing with diverse animals, and the curriculum objective is nothing but to make capable veterinarians. The participants studying the veterinary discipline at the undergraduate level embrace a solid understanding of the discipline along with communication skills, problem-solving, and better judging ability.
In providing fundamentals of the veterinary discipline, the curriculum largely focuses on learning animal physiology and behavior, Zoological medicine, and Practical skills for animal behavior, among others. Addressing the health needs of the diverse species of animals is the major concern of veterinarians having skills & knowledge of the same. For the unversed, they can provide treatment to the animals, including cats, dogs, chickens, horses, cows, sheep, pigs, and goats; wildlife; zoo animals; pet birds; and ornamental fish.
Who can Study BVSc Programme?
Being passionate about animals caring is one thing. However, you also need to meet the standards qualifications to take up the Bachelor of Veterinary Science program. The primary requirement for BVSc is completing the intermediate exam from a recognized institute. Several other eligibility criteria for BVSC are essential for the aspirants planning to pursue it.
Eligibility Criteria for BVSc
Eligibility requirements for BVSC course may differ from university to university, though there are many general qualifications that would be the same for every institute that offers undergraduate veterinary medicine. Here are some of them:
(a) Aspirants should have done intermediate schooling with science stream, and physics, chemistry, biology, and English must be the compulsory subjects.
(b) Qualifying in the concerned entrance is also an essential requirement for undergraduate Veterinary Science.
(c) The course has even stipulated the minimum age limit. So candidates should have attained a minimum of 18 years of age while admitted into the BVSc course. Moreover, you, as an aspirant, must not have crossed 25 years of age.
(d) Candidates belonging to the reserved category get age relaxation. Apart from age relaxation, scheduled castes and scheduled tribes also obtain the benefit of marks relaxation, at least 5%.
Top Entrance Exams for BVSc Course
Qualifying entrance test is crucial for aspirants aspiring to take up the BVSC course. Essentially, it is a gateway to getting admission into your desired BVSc course. For such specialty courses, there are many state, national and university level entrance exams, which you can take at your convenience. Some of them are mentioned below:
(a) NEET (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test)
(b) AAU VET (Assam Agriculture University Veterinary Entrance Test)
(c) OUAT (Odisha University of Agriculture & Technology)
(d) RPVT (Rajasthan Pre-University Veterinary Test)
(e) UP Veterinary entrance exam
(f) BHU UET (Banaras Hindu University Undergraduate Entrance Test)
For the uninitiated, the All India Pre Veterinary Test (AIPVT) was conducted every year for admission into the veterinary course, but it got replaced with NEET Exam. In 2017, NEET started to be considered for offering admission to the veterinary medicine program.
How to Get Admission into BVSc Program?
The aspirants would be admitted into the veterinary course only after cracking the entrance exams and completing further procedures. Therefore, students wishing to pursue a Bachelor of Veterinary Science make a proper strategy and plan for the entrance exams which a university considers for admission. However, there are several steps in the journey of getting admission to the BVSC course after clearing the entrance test. Here is a step-by-step guide that will help you to apply for a bachelor of Veterinary Science course:
Entrance-Based Entry to the Program
The entrance exams are a great way to get into the Bachelor of Science in Genetics programme, and these are the steps to joining the B Sc genetics program.
(a) Several reputed institutions are available, so research properly and select the institution which suits your interest.
(b) Going on, you must examine the requirements of the Institute as eligibility criteria for getting admission are different for different universities.
(c) Once you complete this step, you can proceed to fill out the application form for the entrance exam. The Institute will specify the requirements for the Bachelor of Veterinary Science or medical test.
(d) The following step is taking the entrance test. Generally, the conducting authority takes a few weeks to publish the hall ticket, so you must cover all the syllabi of the exam in this crucial gap of time. It is vital for the participants to score decent marks as admission to the course is entirely based on your entrance scorecard.
(e) Once the entrance examination gets completed, the authority will announce the list of selected candidates. If you are able to make it to the merit list, you will proceed to the further step.
(f) The very next in the journey of getting admission to the reputed InstituteInstitute for BVSc program is the counseling process. This kind of round is usually taken to consider the participants’ critical thinking and communication skills, so you better prepare yourselves for this round.
(g) On completing all this process, you would finally come to be admitted to the university. Therefore, make sure you have all the required documents on hand, as the last step is to verify documents and pay the admission fees.
What are the Syllabus & Subjects for BVSc?
The Bachelor of Veterinary Science course touches on all the essential subjects that have a significant role in producing participants into proficient medical personnel. This thorough curriculum offers the fundamentals of veterinary medicine and training. More so, the program combines engaging teaching and learning approaches along with technology, clinical and scientific advancements.
Upon completing the curriculum and gaining extensive knowledge, skills and experience in the discipline, the participants would be able to avoid disease and control and cure the ailments of animals. Veterinary pathology, Veterinary Microbiology, Veterinary surgery and radiology, Veterinary physiology, etc., are particulars of veterinary medicine. However, the course covers various other vital subjects & syllabus.
Particulars of B VSc Curriculum
|SEMESTER- I||SEMESTER- II|
|Veterinary Anatomy in General and Osteology||Sense Organs and Receptors Physiology of Special Senses|
|Introductory Animal Husbandry||Importance of Grasslands and Fodders In-Livestock Production|
|Scope and Importance of Biochemistry||Demonstration of Embalming of the Carcass and Preservation|
|Introduction and Importance of Statistics||Muscle Physiology|
|Livestock in India||Enzymes: Definition and Classification|
|SEMESTER- III||SEMESTER- IV|
|General Histology||Gross Morphological and Topographical Study of Various Organs of the Digestive System|
|Factors Affecting the Digestibility of a Feed||Introduction and General Description of Protozoa|
|Introduction and Scope of Veterinary Pathology||Biochemical and Genetic Determinants of Growth|
|Parasites and Parasitism||Spermatogenic Cycle and Wave|
|Indian Poultry Industry||The Biting Midges|
|—————————————–||Concepts in Veterinary and Medical Immunology|
|SEMESTER- V||SEMESTER- VI|
|Milk Industry in India||Aquatic Animal Diseases, Hearth Care and Management|
|Concept of Sociology||Meat Science|
|General Pathology of Viral Infections||Systematic Veterinary Virology|
|Milk Hygiene in Relation to Public Health||Avian Pathology|
|Historical Development Branches and Scope of Pharmacology||Veterinary Neuropharmacology|
|Layout and Management of Rural, Urban and Modern Abattoirs||Veterinary Epidemiology and Zoonosis|
|SEMESTER- VII||SEMESTER- VIII|
|Veterinary Preventive Medicine – I||Veterinary Clinical Biochemistry|
|Veterinary Gynecology||Veterinary Obstetrics|
|Veterinary Chemotherapy||Veterinary Toxicology|
|Anaesthesiology And Diagnostic Imaging||Regional Veterinary Surgery|
|Veterinary Clinical Biochemistry and Laboratory Diagnosis – I||Veterinary Clinical Practice|
|Veterinary Clinical Medicine – I||Veterinary Clinical Medicine – II|
|Veterinary Clinical Practice||Veterinarian in Society|
|SEMESTER- IX||SEMESTER- X|
|Zoo/Wild Animal Breeding, Management, Nutrition and Health Care||Internship|
|Environment and Environmental Hygiene||——————————-|
|Pet Animal Breeding Management, Nutrition and Health Care||———————————-|
|Animal Welfare, Ethics & Jurisprudence||——————————|
|Veterinary Andrology and Reproductive Techniques||———————————-|
|Veterinary Orthopedics and Lameness||——————————-|
(Bachelor of Veterinary Science) BVSc Course Fees
Myriad of universities are available that offer Bachelor of Veterinary Science or medicine courses, but those who are planning to study BVSC program must once check the fee structure as it varies with Institute. The changes in the fee for the BVSC course could be attributed to several factors, which include but are not limited to the location of the college, infrastructure, faculty, & maybe the category of students (SC/ST).
However, the average fee will be incurred by the students is at least INR 10,000 to 10 Lakh per annum. Applicants must check the fee structure of the Bachelor of Veterinary Science course the Institute is offering. Mentioned below are some colleges that charge a different fee for the BVSc programme:
|Name of the College||Fee Structure (per annum)|
|Bihar Agricultural University||INR 12,000 PA|
|Orissa University Of Agricultural Technology||INR 21,000 PA|
|West Bengal University Of Animal And Fishery Sciences||INR 16,000 PA|
|Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel University Of Agriculture And Technology||INR 4Lacs PA|
|Navsari Agricultural University||INR 45,000 PA|
What are Career Prospects for Veterinary Medicine graduate?
Upon completing a Bachelor of Veterinary Science or medicine, you can explore diverse employment settings in & outside India. Apart from being a surgeon or nurse in a vet practice, there are various promising and gratifying career opportunities. Mentioned below are some of the lucrative job profiles for graduates:
(II) Veterinary pathologist
(III) Veterinary Officer
(IV) Equine nutritionist
(V) Animal Behaviourist
(VI) Research scientist
(VII) Animal Breeders
(VIII) Veterinary Surgeon
(IX) Veterinary Doctor
(X) Clinical Content Manager
(XI) Veterinary Research Assistant
(XII) Government Vet (public health and policy)
(XIII) Veterinary Corps vet
(XIV) Food Safety and Inspection Veterinarian
(XV) Technical advisor for veterinary pharmaceutical products
Today Veterinary Medicine graduates have numerous employment space options where they can hold good and gratifying job profiles. They can serve as veterinarians across the world, including in private and corporate clinical practice, academic programs, private industry, government service, public health, and military services.
Higher Studies for Veterinary Medicine Graduates
Veterinary Medicine graduates who want to enhance their skills, experience and knowledge in diagnosing, preventing and treating ailments and injuries of animals do also have the option to opt for a master’s degree. There is many master’s degree with a specialization that students can opt for. Listed below are some of the popular master’s courses in Veterinary medicine:
(I) MVSc Livestock products Technology
(II) Advanced Veterinary Nursing (Anaesthesia) MSc
(III) Veterinary Medicine MPhil/PhD
(IV) MVSc Animal nutrition
(V) MVSc Veterinary biochemistry
(VI) Animal Behaviour and Welfare MSc
(VII) MVSc Veterinary microbiology
(VIII) MVSc Pharmacology and toxicology
(IX) Infection and Global Health (Veterinary) MD
(X) MVSc Animal genetics and breeding
(XI) MVSc Veterinary surgery and radiology
(XII) MVSc Veterinary and animal husbandry extension
Where to Study BVSc Course?
Several colleges/universities in India as well as around the world are available that offer a Bachelor of Veterinary Science program. Whatever your state, either Maharashtra, Orissa, Delhi, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh or Kerala, you can find many reputed institutes for the program. Even if you are interested in studying the BVSc program abroad, various universities could be your option.
BVSC Colleges in Maharashtra
(a) Maharashtra Animal & Fishery Sciences University
(b) Nagpur Veterinary College
(c) Bombay Veterinary College
BVSc Colleges in Rajasthan
(a) National Research Center on Camel
(b) College Of Veterinary and Animal Sciences [RAJUVAS]
(c) College Of Veterinary and Animal Sciences [CVAS]
Colleges in Kerala
(a) College Of Veterinary And Animal Sciences
(b) Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Thrissur
(c) Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Wayanad
BVSC Colleges/Universities in Uttar Pradesh
(a) College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry
(b) Chandrashekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology
(c) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology
Top BVSc Colleges/Universities Abroad
(a) University of Stirling
(b) The University of Sydney
(c) University of Surrey
(d) The University of Queensland
(e) The University of Guelh in Canada
(f) Cornell University in the United States
Salary of Veterinary Medicine Graduates
Veterinary medicine graduates can earn some of the highest entry salaries of all graduates. However, the salary of the graduates depends on several factors. It could be attributed to the job profile, experience, employment settings, and even companies. Here are some of the job profiles along with their salaries:
|Job Profile||Annual Salary in India||Annual Salary in USA|
|Veterinary Officer||INR 14,88,852||US$ 124,669|
|Research Veterinarian||INR 7,00,000||US$ 126,774|
|Veterinary Doctor||INR 5,98,566||US$ 90,420|
|Veterinary Surgeon||INR 597,722||US$ 98,521|
|Animal Breeder||INR 3,33,898|
|Animal Scientist||INR 7,67,072|
|Animal caretakers||INR 3,15,247|
Questions Mostly Asked About B. VSc Course
Ans- Yes, NEET is mandatory for individuals seeking admission into the BVSC program under 15% of All India Quota Seats. However, there are many other state-level & university-level entrance exams conducted to offer admission in BVSc and AH Courses.
Ans- No, students who intend to be Veterinary Doctors would have to pursue a Bachelor of Veterinary Science course. Upon completing this UG course, candidates would also have required to study MD courses in Veterinary medicine to be certified Veterinary doctors.
Ans- It’s an argumentative comparison. However, both courses are difficult on their own level.
Ans- The basic requirements for the BVSC course include the following:
(a) Students should have an intermediate certificate from a recognized institute in the science stream.
(b) You, as an aspirant, must have obtained at least 50% of aggregate marks.
(c) Must have completed 18 years of age.
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